In the Great End Time Debate, Jeremiah 31:31-34—God’s promise of a New Covenant with the House of Israel—is a true bone of contention. Realizing that this promise appears right in the middle of a host of related prophecies predicting “Israel’s” latter day restoration under the Messiah, and believing that these prophecies will be fulfilled among the Jews in a future Millennium, premillennarians are anxious to claim Jeremiah’s promise of a New Covenant for ethnic Israel.
Alas, the NT bars the way. For whenever the phrase “New Covenant” appears in the NT, it is applied to the Church, comprised both of Jew and Gentile, and not simply to ethnic Israel (Mt. 26:28, 1 Cor. 11:25, 2 Cor. 3:6-7, Heb. 8:7-8, 13, 9:15, 12:24). For this reason amillennarians conclude, naturally enough, that when God spoke through Jeremiah in 31:31-24, He was in fact speaking of eschatological “Israel”: His Church, of which ALL the saints of All time are members, both Jew and Gentile.
In this post, author Dean Davis examines Jeremiah’s great promise of a New Covenant in light of Hebrews 8. We hope it will give you fresh insight, not only into the words of Jeremiah, but into all OT Kingdom prophecy.